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Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (S.S.A.)

Revised SSA Framework 2011

  • One teacher for every 40 children in primary and upper primary.   
  • At least two teachers in a primary school.   
  • One teacher for every class in the upper primary   
School/Alternative Schooling facility.
  • Within one kilometer of every habitation.   
  • Provision for opening of new schools as per State norms or for setting up EGS like schools in unserved habitations.   
Upper Primary schools.
  • As per requirement, based on the number of children completing primary education, up to a ceiling of one upper primary school/section for every two primary schools.   
  • A room for every teacher or for every grade/class, whichever is lower in primary & upper primary, with the provision that there would be two class rooms with verandah to every primary school with at least two teachers.   
  • A room for Head-Master in upper primary school/section.
Free textbooks
  • To all girls/SC/ST children at primary & upper primary level within an upper ceiling of Rs. 150/- per child.   
  • State to continue to fund free textbooks being currently provided from the State Plans.    
  • In case any State is partially subsidizing the cost of textbooks being supplied to children in Elementary classes, then the assistance under SSA would be restricted to that portion of the cost of the books which is being borne by the children.    
Civil works.
  • Programme funds on Civil Works shall not exceed the ceiling of 33% of the entire project cost approved by the PAB on the basis of perspective plan prepared for the period till 2010.    
  • This ceiling of 33% would not include the expenditure on maintenance and repair of buildings.    
  • However, in a particular year's annual plan provision for civil works can be considered upto 40% of the annual plan expenditure depending on the priority assigned to various components of the programmes in that year, within the overall project ceiling of 33%.    
  • For improvement of school facilities, BRC/CRC construction.    
  • CRCs could also be used as an additional room.    
  • No expenditure to be incurred on construction of office buildings.    
  • Districts to prepare infrastructure Plans.    
Maintenance and repair of school buildings.
  • Only through school management committees/VECs   
  • Upto Rs. 5000 per year as per specific proposal by the school committee.    
  • Must involve elements of community contribution.    
  • Expenditure on maintenance and repair of building would not be included for calculating the 33% limit for civil works.    
  • Grant will be available only for those schools which have existing building of their own.
Upgradation of EGS to regular school or        setting up of a new primary school as per  State norm.
  • Provision for TLE @ Rs. 10,000/- per school   
  • TLE as per local context and need.   
  • Involvement of teachers and parents necessary in TLE selection and procurement.   
  • VEC/school-village level appropriate body to decide on best mode of procurement.   
  • Requirement of successful running of EGS centre for two years before it is considered for upgradation.   
  • Provision for teacher & classrooms.
 TLE for upper-primary.
  • @ Rs. 50000 per school for uncovered schools.   
  • As per local specific requirement to be determined by the teachers/school committee.   
  • School committee to decide on best mode of procurement, in consultation with teachers   
  • School Committee may recommend district level procurement if there are advantages of scale.   
 Schools grant.
  • Rs. 2000/- per year per primary/upper primary school for replacement of non-functional school equipment.   
  • ransparency in utilisation   
  • To be spent only by VEC/SMC.   
 Teacher grant.
  • Rs. 500 per teacher per year in primary and upper primary.    
  • ransparency in utilisation.   
 Teacher training.
  • Provision of 20 days in-service course for all teachers each year, 60 days refresher course for untrained teachers already employed as teachers, and 30 days orientation for freshly trained recruits @ Rs. 70/- per day.   
  • Unit cost is indicative; would be lowen in non residential training programmes.    
  • Includes all training cost.   
  • Assessment of capacities for effective training during appraisal will determine extent of coverage.    
  • Support for SCERT/DIET under existing Teacher Education Scheme.   
State Institute of Educational Management     and Training (SIEMAT).
  • One time assistance upto Rs. 3 crore.    
  • States have to agree to sustain.   
  • Selection criteria for faculty to be rigorous.       
 Training of community leaders.  
  • For a maximum of 8 persons in a village for 2 days in a year - preferably women.    
  • @ Rs. 30/- per day per person.   
 Provision for disabled children.
  • Upto Rs. 1200/- per child for integration of disabled children, as per specific proposal, per year.    
  • District Plan for children with special needs will be formulated within the Rs. 1200 per child norm.    
  • Involvement of resource institutions to be encouraged.  
Research, Evaluation, supervision and monitoring.
  • Upto Rs. 1400 per school per year.    
  • Partnership with research and resource institutions, poll of resource teams with State specific focus.    
  • Priority to development of capacities for appraisal and supervision through resource/research institutions and on an effective EMIS.    
  • Provision for regular school mapping/micro- planning for updating of household data.    
  • By creating pool of resource persons, providing travel grant and honorarium for monitoring, generation of community-based data, research studies, cost of assessment and appraisal terms & their field activities, classroom observation by resource persons.    
  • Funds to be spent at national, state, district, sub- district, school level out of the overall per school allocation.    
  • Rs. 100 per school per year to be spent at national level.    
  • Expenditure at State/district/BRC/CRC/School level to be decided by State/UT, This would include expenditure on appraisal, supervision, MIS, classroom observation, etc. Support to SCERT over and above the provision under the Teacher Education scheme may also be provided.    
  • Involvement of resource institutions willing to undertake state specific responsibilities.    
 Management Cost
  • Not to exceed 6% of the budget of a district plan.    
  • To include expenditure on office expenses, hiring of experts at various levels after assessment of existing manpower, POL, etc.   
  • Priority to experts in MIS, community planning processes, civil works, gender etc. depending on capacity available in a particular district.   
  • Management costs should be used to develop effective teams at State/District/Block/Cluster levels.    
  • Identification of personnel for BRC/CRC should be a priority in the pre-project phase itself so that a team is available for the intensive process based planning.   
 Innovative activity for girls' education, early childhood care & education, interventions for children belonging to SC/ST community, computer education specially for upper primary level
  • Upto to Rs. 15 lakh for each innovative project and Rs. 50 lakh for a district per year will apply for SSA.    
  • ECCE and girls education interventions to have unit costs already approved under other existing schemes.       
Block Resource Centres/ Cluster Resource Centres
  • There would be ordinarily one BRC in each Community Development (CD) Block. However, in states, where the sub-district educational administrative structure like educational blocks or circles, have jurisdictions which are not co-terminus with the CD Blocks, then the State may opt to have a BRC in such a case the overall expenditure on BRCs and CRCs in a CD Block, both non-recurring and recurring, would not be more than the overall expenditure that would have been incurred on BRCs and CRCs in case if only one BRC per CD Block were opened.    
  • BRC/CRC to be located in school campus as far as possible.    
  • Rs. 6 lakh ceiling for BRC building construction wherever required.   
  • Rs. 2 lakh for CRC construction wherever required-should be used as an additional classroom in schools.    
  • Total cost of non-school (BRC and CRC) construction in any district should not exceed 5% of the overall projected expenditure under the programme in any year.    
  • Deployment of up to 20 teachers in a block with more than 100 schools; 10 teachers in smaller Blocks in BRCs and CRCs put together.    
  • Provision of furniture, etc. @ Rs. 1 lakh for a BRC and Rs. 10,000 for a CRC.     
  • Contingency grant of Rs. 12,500 for a BRC and Rs. 2500 for a CRC, per year.    
  • Meetings, Travel allowance : Rs. 500/- per month per BRC, Rs. 200/- per month per CRC    
  • TLM Grant : Rs. 5000/- per year per BRC, Rs. 1000/- per year per CRC.     
  • Identification of BRC/CRC personnel after intensive selection process in the preparatory phase itself.    
 Interventions for out of school children
  • As per norms already approved under Education, Guarantee Scheme & Alternative and Innovative Education, providing for the following find of interventions.    
  • Setting up Education Guarantee Centres in unserved habitations.    
  • Setting up other alternative schooling models.    
  • Bridge Courses, remedial courses, Back-to-School Camps with a focus on mainstreaming out of school children into regular schools.    
Preparatory activities for microplanning, household surveys, studies, community mobilization, school-based activities, office equipment, training and orientation at all levels, etc.
  • As per specific proposal of a district, duly recommended by the State. Urban areas, within a district or metropolitan cities may be treated as a separate unit for planning as required.   

Large scale participation of women and other disadvantaged groups in the planning process.
A clear gender focus in all the activities under the plan. Every intervention must be gender sensitive.   
Large scale evidence of school-based activities like Bal melas, Jathas, sports, Maa beti sammelans, etc   
Evidence of -
  • Interface with elected representatives at all levels. 
  • process based constitution of committees at each level. 
  • Institutional arrangements for decentralized decision making. 
  • consultation with teachers. 
  • community contribution for universal elementary education. 
  • school mapping and microplanning habitation wise/village wise/cluster wise/urban slum wise/ward wise. 
  • Joint Bank accounts in each school/VEC/School Committees to receive community contribution and to spend government grants. 
  • focus on making education relevant to life.
Survey of-
  • available school facilities, including non-governmental educational institutions. 
  • 0-6 age group children and facilities for their education and development. 
  • 6-14 age children through preparation of Education Registers and identification of institution for schooling.
Relocation of teacher units taking into account the presence of the non-governmental sector and its impact on school attendance.
Assessment of-
  • training needs and survey of capacities for orientation and training with existing institutions. 
  • needs, school-wise/habitation-wise of additional school facilities, teachers, etc. 
  • school wise/EGS centre wise incentives of meals, scholarships, uniforms, free textbooks and notebooks, etc. 
  • teaching-learning material. 
  • Information System. 
  • available financial resources and priority of needs.
    Community ownership of the district plan.
    A plan for quality education including a plan for.
  • early childhood care and education. 
  • children with special needs.Incorporation of issues like local specific school timings, etc.
    Reflection of all investments in plan and Non Plan being made in a particular district for elementary education. 
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